AmSpec CR Cox can provide inspection and supervision for the cargo transport of containers & packages via land, Sea & Air in both origin and destination locations.

Up until the 1970's general cargo (boxes, crates, drums, bags and other miscellaneous cargo) was shipped as Breakbulk i.e. the crates etc., were loaded onto a vessel and then secured.


This caused major problems in shipping due to breakage, pilferage, spillage and other losses. Plus the inconvenience of loading/discharging operations and shipping to and from the hinterland of a certain port, not to mention transshipment of cargo.

The miscellaneous small packages of goods to be transported were loaded (packed) into a large metallic box called a container. The container is weatherproof and reasonably water resistant. It provides convenience in road, rail and sea transport.

  • Containers are generally fabricated in two sizes, 20 feet long and 40 feet long. The width and height of a container are fixed at 8 feet, while the height may fluctuate slightly on an open top or a high cube container.

  • Containers mainly carry dry general cargo like boxes, crates, drums, pallets etc., however, bulk in the form of grain can also be loaded into a container. Containers specially designed to carry liquids are called 'tanktainers'. Some containers can also carry liquified gas. Containers designed to carry refrigerated or frozen cargo are called 'reefer' containers. These containers can be cooled down to -20 degrees C.

  • Open containers with collapsible flaps at each end are called 'flatracks'. These are used to carry cargo that might be slightly overwidth or overheight or a large piece of machinery that cannot be transported in a fully enclosed or open top container.

  • Containers can be transported by road, rail and sea. They are lifted on to a vessel by very high gantry cranes.

  • Containers are shipped on specially designed ships called cellular container vessels. Third generation cellular container vessels can be quite large and steam at speeds up to 20knots.

There are limited means of securing cargo within a container. Cargo can be packed/unpacked using forklifts etc. On a vessel, the containers can be loaded underdeck or above deck. Abovedeck containers can go as high as 5 or 6. They rest on specially fabricated container fittings and are secured on to the ship's structure by means of twistlocks and lashing rods.

AmSpec CR Cox have personnel that are specially qualified in the field of containers. They are experts in containers, containerisation and mitigating claims for damage to containerised cargo from the shipowner's point of view. AmSpec CR Cox can also perform container ON-HIRE and OFF-HIRE surveys to a very high standard and customer satisfaction is guaranteed.